Christian theology played a part in the stereotyping and persecution of Jewish people which ultimately led to the Holocaust, a new reflection on Christian-Jewish relations issued by the Church of England acknowledges.
The teaching document, entitled Gods Unfailing Word, is the first authoritative statement on the subject from the Church of England. The Bishop of Lichfield, the Rt Revd Dr Michael Ipgrave, chaired the group that produced the document.
It speaks of attitudes towards Judaism over many centuries as providing a fertile seed-bed for murderous antisemitism.
It urges Anglicans and other Christians not only to repent of the sins of the past towards their Jewish neighbours but to be alert to and actively challenge such attitudes or stereotypes.
The document, published by the Church of Englands Faith and Order Commission, encourages Christians to rediscover the relationship of unique significance between the two faiths, worshipping one God, with scriptures shared in common.
The Christian-Jewish relationship should be viewed as a gift of God to the Church to be received with care, respect and gratitude, it makes clear.
Christians should, therefore, be mindful of the difficult history of the two faiths and apply sensitivity in the use of some passages of scripture and liturgy, hymns and art as well as in sharing their faith with Jewish people and in discussions about Israel.
The document includes an honest and challenging afterword by the Chief Rabbi, Ephraim Mirvis, in which he speaks of profound friendship but also a substantial misgiving on the question of evangelism.
The Archbishop of Canterbury, Justin Welby, responds in a foreword, describing the Chief Rabbis reflection as doing Anglicans a great service and making clear that Christians sharing their faith must do so with gentleness and grace and recognising the weight of that history.
The Bishop of Coventry, Dr Christopher Cocksworth, Chair of the Faith and Order Commission, said: Assumptions about Judaism and Jewish people, past and present, colour Christian approaches to preaching, teaching, evangelism, catechesis, worship, devotion and art, whether or not Christian communities are conscious of their Jewish neighbours, near and far; teasing out those assumptions and exploring them theologically is therefore a challenge that pertains to the whole Church.
That challenge is also, however, a precious opportunity. As the first principle underpinning this report states, we are convinced that the ChristianJewish relationship is a gift of God to the Church, which is to be received with care, respect and gratitude, so that we may learn more fully about Gods purposes for us and all the world.
Bishop Michael, who is also chair of the Council of Christians and Jews, added: "It was privilege to chair the group that produced God's Unfailing Word. Churches today have a particular responsibility to address the legacy of historic Christian anti-Judaism which in some cases still informs prejudice in our society. The document highlights the important challenges and opportunities that we face as we actively seek to build together a community which pursues the common good as people of hope."